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DETERMINATION OF LEVEL OF SERVICE (LOS) ON DIFFERENT ROADS IN KUCHING AREA (A CASE STUDY)

Chen, K.C.1, Larry, S.T. 2

Abstract

The concept of Level of Service (LOS) is originated from the Highway Capacity Manual (HCM). LOS is a qualitative assessment of the operational performance of a roadway facility based on quantitative performance measures. Many transportation infrastructure funding decisions are based on LOS analysis, and LOS designations are intended to represent user-perceived quality of service. This study has been carried out to determine the LOS on different roads. The profile of study area is in Kuching, Sarawak where five roads with different characteristics and posted speed of urban multilane with 80km/hr and 70km/hr, suburban two-lane two-way with 90 km/hr and 80km/hr had been selected for the studies. Substantial numbers of inputs are required for the LOS analysis and determination based on HCM procedures. These inputs are: a long list of traffic volume collected in different peak hours; traffic composition such as proportion of heavy vehicles in traffic; geometric characteristics such as number of lanes, lane width, shoulder width, and approach grades. Results of the study showed that LOS in the urban multilane is still in satisfactory range with LOS ranging from C to D except for most of the traffic congestion cases in urban multilane at the traffic light junctions and roundabouts. However, LOS in the suburban two-lane two-way is only satisfying in the range of LOS E; hence multilane should be introduced in such cases. Recommendations such as to provide various or multitude modes of transportation needs should be introduced in urban area. Furthermore, a suitable and efficient hierarchy in road system should be provided in suburban areas before turning into urban areas.